According to statistics, even and smooth facial skin is one of the factors by which a person’s attractiveness is assessed. This is understandable: after all, we ourselves are pleased to wake up in the morning and see in the mirror a beautiful smile and clean, radiant skin. However, even those who prefer not to use decorative cosmetics cannot do without competent skin care. Toning, moisturizing, proper nutrition and exfoliation of old cells are important stages of the complex.
Peeling is the interaction of the skin, most often, with various types of burns and special abrasive cosmetics. This also applies to chemical peels. Peeling can also be purely exfoliative – a cosmetic procedure designed to remove the very superficial layer of skin cells to make it smoother, fresher and lighter. Exfoliating skin peeling is made with different particles, i.e. in the skin peeling gel, there are microparticles for deeper cleansing of the facial skin. Let’s take a look at all types of peels, what they are.
The abrasive particles can be different, for example, a cleansing scrub with crushed apricot pits. These particles are used as a supplement in various cosmetic products to open the pores of the skin for better absorption of the cream ingredients.
According to the methods of action, peeling is divided into two types:
- Mechanical – mechanical processing of the face, during which one or more layers of the skin are removed;
- Chemical – gentle chemical compounds destroy the connection of dead cells with the epidermis, painlessly cleansing the skin of the face.
“It is recommended to involve an experienced beautician for all types of cleansing. Even before using the scrub at home, it is better to visit a professional who will help in determining the type of skin and the selection of useful products, ”says cosmetologist Yulia Shvera in her blog .
Depending on the depth of exposure, there are three degrees of skin cleansing:
Special chemical peels used by cosmetologists are divided into different groups. On the one hand, they are divided into superficial, medium and peels for deep cleansing of the skin, depending on the acid used and its concentration. The higher the percentage of acid in the peeling cosmetic, the deeper the skin layers are cleaned. After peeling, the skin of the face becomes smooth, clean and shiny.
- Superficial peeling lasts from 10 minutes to half an hour. The procedure is sometimes called “lunch-peeling” – it can be carried out even at lunchtime: therefore, in terms of efficiency, such cleaning is the best peeling for the face. The depth of the impact is small – a few millimeters. But even this is enough to smooth and narrow the pores. The procedure must be repeated about once a month: taking into account the recommendations of the beautician. Superficial exposure does not bring discomfort and is most often done with the use of fruit acids.
- The middle peeling evens out the skin’s relief more intensively. This type of treatment is used to eliminate fine wrinkles, age spots, circles under the eyes and other age-related changes. Tissue cleansing promotes cell renewal and collagen formation. Before the procedure, the beautician usually recommends to undergo a skin preparation program: which provides the best result and reduces the time required for recovery after treatment [ Appendix 1 ].
- Deep peeling is a procedure aimed at achieving a rejuvenating effect. This is a rather radical approach that can erase even deep wrinkles and irregularities from the face. The subsequent recovery period can take up to three months, but the face changes as if by magic. This type of peel is best for women with fair skin.
According to the types of chemical peelings, they are divided into:
- Peeling with lactic acid – used to get rid of fine wrinkles and nourish cells with moisture;
- Abrasive peeling – a light peeling that is used to cleanse normal skin types without serious problems;
- A salicylic peel is an ideal acne peel because it dries out inflammation. Ideal for oily skin with wide pores and a darker complexion;
- Glycolic peel – used as an anti-static device that peels off the entire layer of the upper skin to renew it;
- Almond peeling – is an excellent way to cleanse the skin of acne, help get rid of the effects of acne and even out the relief of your skin;
- Diamond peeling is a surface cleaning of the skin, or in other words, its resurfacing, which is done with the help of specialized medical equipment;
- Coral peeling – contains Red Sea coral crumbs, extracts of Amazonian herbs and Dead Sea salts. It is thanks to this composition of the mixture that the skin under its influence is saturated with all useful vitamins, plant proteins and minerals.
Do I need special skin care after peeling?
Taking care of your skin after the procedure is of great importance. After applying acid peels, the size of the sebaceous glands and natural fat decreases, therefore, in most cases, it is necessary to use fatty nourishing and moisturizing creams. Immediately after the procedure, the skin is dry and begins to peel off, it needs additional nutrition. After each peel, be sure to use sunscreen to avoid side effects, as the skin is very sensitive after peeling.
After carrying out any type of peeling, it is recommended to carefully follow the recommendations of a cosmetologist, aimed at maintaining the result. [ addition 2 ]
[Appendix 1] The mid-peel process, during which a slight burning sensation may occur, takes from 15 minutes to a full hour. After the procedure, it will take up to 7 days to recover. After exfoliating the surface layer, a new one will appear in place of the old skin. The effect of this peeling lasts up to two years.
[Supplement 2] List of sites on which it is convenient to choose a beautician: